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La situazione a Giava nel report dell'United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

Mercoledi' 31 Maggio 2006

OCHA Situation Report No. 5
Indonesia – Earthquake

This report is based on information received from the UN Resident/Humanitarian Coordinator’s Office in Jakarta, Indonesia, and the UN team in Yogyakarta.

I. SITUATION
The death toll continues to climb and estimates range from 5,150 to 5,846, while injuries range from 22,731 to 33,351. The IDP population is reportedly between 100,000 to 600,000. The Department of Social Affairs (DEPSOS) reported (31 May) that 48,833 houses have been completely destroyed and 56,559 seriously damaged.
There are reports that areas outside of Bantul and Klaten have sustained damages that remain to be assessed. In Klaten the damage is reportedly more serious than initially thought, further challenging the management of the population who had been evacuated earlier from the Merapi vicinity to Klaten to safeguard them from volcanic activity. In some areas the affected population has started cleaning debris and rubble.

1. The latest report from the Coordinating Ministry for People’s Welfare (30 May) indicated a total of 269 destroyed schools, 49 km damaged roads and bridges, 302 damaged government buildings, 284 damaged religious buildings, and nine affected local markets.
2. The Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMG) reports that the number of aftershocks is decreasing and might cease within two weeks of the initial quake. There have been 851 aftershocks since the initial earthquake on 27 May.
3. The Ministry of Health reports that patients are receiving treatment from 29 hospitals, field hospitals, health centers, and mobile clinics. As hospitals remain overwhelmed, the Ministry of Health has dispatched ten mobile clinics, medical personnel, and three trucks of medicine. There is no current need for medical staff in addition to what is on the ground and in the process of arriving. The University of Gadjah Mada Faculty of Medicine in Yogyakarta will provide an 18-member team to begin surveying medical facilities in Bantul. An Early Warning and Outbreak Control Network (Disease Surveillance) is also being established by the Ministry of Health, WHO and Gadja Mada University.
4. UNICEF indicates that, so far, there have been no reports of unaccompanied.

II. NATIONAL RESPONSE

5. The Government of Indonesia, both at central and provincial level, continues to provide relief assistance to the earthquake-affected population. It reiterated that it welcomes international assistance but classifies this earthquake as a “local disaster”. The Ministry of Finance will provide subsistence grants to survivors. The Ministry also said it will provide grants to families, administered by local government, to help rebuild houses. The Government has initiated discussions with the UN on the early recovery and rehabilitation after the disaster.
6. A donor-NGO-UN meeting took place in Jakarta on Tuesday (30 May) to exchange information on the emergency response and review remaining urgent needs.
7. A local NGO, Air Putih, has established media centres in Yogyakarta, Bantul and Klaten. The centers will provide 24 hours free wireless internet connection and notebooks for humanitarian workers and other parties involved in relief efforts. Air Putih is also providing a service to those looking for missing persons by establishing the following website http://www.mediacenter.or.id/missing/.

III. INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE
8. The UN RC/HC, accompanied by UNICEF Representative met with the Governor of Yogyakarta to discuss the humanitarian situation in the affected areas. During the meeting, the Governor welcomed international assistance under the coordination of SATKORLAK.
9. Three field hospitals have been established in cooperation with the Ministry of Health using WHO equipment, two in Bantul and one in Yogyakarta. WHO is also providing New Emergency Health Kit (NEHK 98), surgical kits, dressings, rolls of plastic for 1,000 tents, and ringer lactate. WHO will also cover operational costs for the Ministry of Health’s mobile clinics. The 30 clinics, each with four personnel (doctor, nurse, paramedic and driver), will operate for ten days. The team will provide medical care, patient referral, surveillance and implementation.
10. UNFPA plans to dispatch supplies and equipment in response to emergency care needs for pregnant women and other reproductive health services. As part of its post-quake response, UNFPA will also work to prevent gender-based violence among the displaced population, and will distribute personal hygiene kits to displaced women.
11. UNICEF is providing 22 trucks supplying 320,000 liters of water a day building up to 45 trucks -- 30 in Bantul and 15 in Klaten, on four rotations a day to supply 720,000 liters. Some 12,000 hygiene kits for 60,000 people have also been released today. Construction started on emergency bathing/latrine facilities at 100 locations (three latrines/two showers with water). One child centre for recreation and psychosocial activities is operational, and another two will be operational tomorrow. UNICEF will also conduct measles and vitamin A vaccination campaign.
12. IOM transported 74 tons of relief good to affected areas. IOM also delivered 78 tons of food and non-food items including 20 tons of water purifiers, generators, mattresses and plastic sheets on behalf of the Japanese International Cooperation Agency.
13. The President of the World Bank has promised the full support of the World Bank Group for reconstruction in the aftermath of the devastating earthquake in Yogyakarta. Existing programs in support of provincial health care provision, community infrastructure, and rural water supply might be reoriented to support the reconstruction of Yogyakarta, for a value of $50 to 60 million.
14. The Australian Government will send over 80 disaster experts and 27-person medical team to Yogyakarta with 12 tonnes of equipment. A total of AUS$ 7.5 million has been pledged so far. It includes: (i) $2.5 million for medical teams, equipment and consumables; (ii) $0.5 million for engineering teams, to be deployed if required; (iii) $4 million through UN and non-government organisations. This includes assistance for emergency shelter and kitchens to feed quake victims; (iv) $0.5 million for other needs as they are identified. Australia has mobilized Indonesia-based medical personnel to conduct a needs assessment prior to the arrival of the Australian medical team. Medical, hospital and relief supplies, including $200,000 of orthopaedic instruments are also being provided. AusAID staff, who has been on the ground since Saturday, are assessing needs, coordinating medical and other assistance and liaising with local authorities and the local and international media. An Australian logistical adviser will also be deployed to assist the Government agencies in Yogyakarta.
15. The Philippines Government is sending to Yogyakarta a 20-person medical team who will bring 12 tonnes of relief goods and medicine onboard a Philippines Airforce C130. The Embassy’s Vice Consul Voltaire Pingol and Carlos Tienzo are now in Yogyakarta to coordinate with the authorities.
16. The Singapore Government will be providing further humanitarian relief in the form of an additional 8-member Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) Medical Team, an 11-member Singapore Civil Defense Force (SCDF) Medical Team, as well as a further US$200,000 worth of emergency supplies including medical supplies, blankets and tents. The Government is also contributing US$50,000 through the Singapore Red Cross. The additional assistance follows the assessment of the SAF Medical Team and SCDF Disaster Assistance and Rescue Team (DART) currently operating in the affected areas. The emergency supplies also correspond to the aid requested by the Indonesian Department of Foreign Affairs. Singapore had earlier provided assistance in the form of a 43-member SCDF DART, a 35-member SAF Medical Team, and US$50,000 worth of emergency supplies.
17. CWS Indonesia has continued its distribution of 9,600 bottles mineral water, 117 packages of biscuits, 1,125 packages of hygiene kits, 270 blankets and 40 tents in Jetis and Imogiri sub-districts in Bantul district on 30 May.
18. CRS has distributed aid worth US$200,000 consisting of tents, tarpaulins, kitchen sets, prayer kits, hygiene kits, blankets in Kretek village, Bantul district, and in Pundong and Prambanan sub-districts, Yogyakarta Province. CRS has also donated $10,000 to the Yayasan Gaia for mobile clinic in Pundong.

IV. ASSISTANCE REQUIRED
WHO informed that orthopedic supplies and antibiotics are needed? There is a lack of bed sheets, mattresses and other consumable medical equipment such as sterile kits for operations, stitching materials, x-ray film and pop plasters.

V. OTHERS
The UN is preparing an Emergency Response Plan, which will be based on the IASC recommended cluster approach – the plan will outline immediate needs and requirements. The UN is appealing that all UN agencies and INGOs check in with the UN Area Coordinator in Yogyakarta upon arrival. Contact details: Charlie Higgins (+62 811 987 372) and Puji Pujiono (+62 811 153 489)

This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available
on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int.

WHO Situation reports can be found at:
http://www.searo.who.int/en/Section23/Section1108/Section2077_11731.htm .



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